Questions and Answers with Shaikh Ghudayaan
Questions and Answers with Shaikh Ghudayaan
December 13, 2009
Question #1: We notice a deficiency with regards to some people in their dealings with one another, even though all of them claim to be upon the way of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah. But with great sorrow, we find that some of them don’t implement Islam when it comes to dealing with one another. What is your advice?
Shaykh Ghudayaan : Verily the Prophet (Salallahu alayhi was salam) mentioned that the Ummah would become divided into 73 sects, and when the Prophet was asked about these 73 sects, he said all of them would go to hell except for one, and when he was asked about the one that would go to paradise, he said the one that is what I am upon, and what my companions are upon. The Shaykh said based upon that, if an individual truly wants to be an adherent to the Qur’an, and to the Sunnah in a correct way, then this individual will be from the saved sect. Regardless of the time span between the time which the individual lived in, and the time of the Messenger. So the point is not with the title, or that what the person claims. But that which is considered is their reality, and that which a person is on. And because of that, the Prophet said “upon you is my Sunnah, and the sunnah of my rightly guided khulafaa. Hold on to it with your molar teeth, and beware of newly invented matters. For every newly invented matter is astray, and every deviation is in the hellfire”. So therefore, it is upon a Muslim to be wise, and to be knowledgeable about the affairs of his religion. You have two types of individuals: you have the type of individual in Islam where everything in the religion is obligatory upon him, and it’s not permissible for him to go against anything of this legislation. It should be understood that this legislation is for mankind, and it is also for the jinn. The Quran is for mankind and it is also for the jinn. The Prophet Muhammad (Salallahu alayhi was salam) is for mankind and he is likewise for the jinn. Because of that Allah says – Tabarak is for Allah, the Lord of all the worlds – and Allah also mentioned about His Messenger – Say, This Quran has been revealed to me so that I can be a warner to all the worlds. Allah said – Verily We have sent him to all of mankind – The Prophet said – Verily I was sent to the Red and the Black (i.e. all people) and verily a prophet was sent to his people specifically – meaning the prophet was sent to all of mankind. The Shaykh also mentioned about how Allah mentioned a group of jinn that were listening to Prophet Muhammad, and then they returned to their people saying – verily we have heard a book that was sent down after Musa; and then they ordered their people to answer the call of Allah. And the Prophet mentioned that it has been revealed to me that a group of jinn were listening to the Quran. So based on that, the legislation is general for all of all mankind, it’s for the humans and for the jinn. And the message of Prophet Muhammad is for all of mankind. Based on that it is upon the Muslim to learn what Allah made obligatory him from His religion, Tawheed, belief, purification, salah, and hajj. And if a person wants to be involved in buying and selling, then it is upon him to find out the halal and the haram of that. This is the first individual – this is fard ayn (a collective obligation). The second individual, which are the ones who have to learn extra. This is fard kifayah, and individual obligation. These are the leaders, the teachers of the religion, judges. So this division that you see upon the earth, and many people calling to different affairs, the Prophet has already judged in this regard. The fact that there will be division into 73 sects, and there will be a saved sect. The Prophet described what the saved sect is, and said that they are the ones that are upon what I am upon, and what my companions are upon. So in order for a person to really be from the saved sect, he has to be upon what the Prophet and his companions were upon. So if an individual is not upon that, then he is not from the saved sect, no matter what he claims with his tongue.
Question #2 – What are the principles as it relates to the dress of the Muslim female, in front of other muslim women?
From that which is known, the free Muslim female’s entire body is an ‘awrah. Her entire body should be covered, except her face and hands in salat, as well as salat in umrah, and salat in hajj. This is not the case when the believing woman is amongst other believing women, or with her father, and close male relatives. But if a female is amongst men that are not her close male relatives, like her father and other than him, then it is obligatory upon her to cover her face, hands, and the rest of her body. But we also advise that a woman does not wear tight fitting clothing which reveals the shape of her body, even in front of women. Because there are some women, if they were to do this in front of other women, those other women would find attraction in looking at that woman. There are some women that enjoy looking at other women, just as a man enjoys looking at women. Because of this, it is obligatory that a woman covers herself properly even amongst other women. Likewise, if she is around her close male relatives, she should not wear clothing that is tight fitting, see through, or that which reveals a part of her body. Because as we mentioned, the entire body of the woman is an ‘awrah.
Question #3 – Is it permissible for a Muslim female to expose her hair in front of non-Muslim females?
It is upon a Muslim female to display Islamic character. Whether that is amongst Muslim females or non-Muslim females. Because if a Muslim female displays Islamic character, she will be respected. And if she doesn’t display Islamic character, she will not be respected. So this is something she should display among Muslim and non-Muslims.
Question #4 – I (a man) work in a hospital, and the nature of my work requires me to draw blood from patients, and to clean those that are unable to clean themselves. Is it permissible for me to do this even with female patients?
The female patients are treated by the female nurses, and the male nurses treat the male patients. It is not permissible for the male nurse to treat the female patient, and the opposite is true. This is because this is not an emergency situation that makes this sort of thing permissible.
Question #5 – When is it obligatory for a person to migrate from the land of the disbelievers to the land of the believers?
From the established principles of the legislation, is that difficulty brings about ease. And implementation of this issue of migration can be applied to this principle in a manner that every individual is aware of their own situation from several different angles. For example, the country that they’re going to. It should be a country that is safe, and where an individual’s life is safe, his wealth is safe, his honor is safe, and he has the means to provide for himself. Likewise, the country that he’s leaving from does not prevent him from migrating, and he’s not harmed from doing so. Indeed Allah says in the Qur’an: Allah does not want to make difficulty for you in the religion. And Allah says that: he does not burden an individual with that which it cannot bear. Allah also said: Allah wants good for you, and he does not want difficulty for you. So that which is intended is that everyone is aware of their affair, and they are also aware of their abilities, so they should use that which we have mentioned to determine if their situation requires migrating to the land of Islam.
Question #6 – Is it permissible for a person that migrates from the land of the disbelievers to the land of the Muslims, to return to the land of the disbelievers, and what are the conditions of that action?
A person that migrates from the land of the disbelievers to the land of Islam, it is not permissible for him to return to that land that they’ve migrated from except if there is some benefit. So if there is an apparent benefit or need for him to return, then there is no problem in returning to that land, or any other land. But if there is no benefit or need, then it is not permissible to return, because it is feared that the person may have some desire to stay, or there may be something that prevents them from leaving, and this would contradict there hijra.
Question #7 – What is the obligation of the du’aat in the West, being that we see some of them that don’t take it seriously, or seek large amounts of wealth for calling and teaching?
Da’wah is the occupation of the Prophets and Messengers of Allah. Allah said to them: Call to the path of your Lord, with wisdom and good speech, and debate with them in a way that is better. So an individual, when they have knowledge of their religion, and when they have wisdom, then they should call. The Prophet said: Allah guiding one individual through you is better than the red camel. And the red camel was something that was precious during the times of the Prophet. What’s known is that the Prophet is the last of the prophets and messengers, and during the time of the Prophet he sent different callers from amongst the sahaaba, calling to the path of Allah Azza wa Jall. And they were giving the message of the Prophet. The Prophet said: transmit from me, even if it’s one verse. It’s possible that the person that hears you has more understanding than you. If a person starts in calling, then they should start with their own home; their wife; their children; their uncles; their nephews and nieces; their neighbors; the community that’s present in his masjid. Every person should give da’wah according to his own ability, time, place, and according to how much knowledge he possesses. A person should not belittle any level of da’wah. They should never say ” Oh, that’s a small community” or “that’s a small amount of people”, or “this is too small, I have to give to large amounts of people”. It is incumbent upon a person to propagate and to give the call.
Question #8 – If a boy enters into the religion of Islam, but he fears being hit or killed by his family if he displays any form of Islam. What should he do, and how should he perform the five daily prayers?
From the principles of the religion is that an individual is held accountable within his limits. So this individual, it’s possible for him to perform the five daily prayers secretively. For example, he designates a place in his home, and when the time of prayer enters, he closes the door of that place, and he performs the five daily prayers. Or, if there is a masjid close to his home, and it’s possible that he attends that masjid without his family knowing.
Question #9 – What is your advice for some of the Muslim children that have been affected by imitating the non-Muslims in their clothing, and what is your advice for the parents since they are the ones that buy the clothes?
The Muslim is obliged to wear the clothing that is worn by the Muslim’s. Therefore it is not permissible for the Muslims to imitate the non-Muslim’s in their clothing. This is because the Prophet said: Whoever imitates a people, then he is from amongst them. And the Prophet also said: He, who imitates other than us, is not from us. And the Prophet said: May Allah curse the man who dresses similar to the woman, and the woman who dresses similar to the man. So it is not permissible for the Muslim to imitate the dress of the disbelievers, and likewise it is not permissible for the man to imitate the clothing of the woman, nor the woman to imitate the clothing of the man. All of these affairs are impermissible. As far as the parents, then the parents must understand that they will be held accountable for the actions of their children.
The Prophet said:
All of you are shepherds, and everyone will be questioned about his flock. The imam (i.e. ruler) is a shepherd, and he will be questioned about those under him. The man is the shepherd of his home, and he will be questioned about that which takes place. The female is a shepherd in the home of her husband, and she will be questioned. The slave is a shepherd over the wealth of his master, and he will be questioned pertaining to it.
Allah ta’ala says:
Oh you who believe, save yourselves and your families from the hellfire, whose fuel is men and stones.
And the Prophet said:
A father has not given his child a greater gift than the gift of good character.
Therefore, it is incumbent upon the parents to rear their children, and oblige them to display the Islamic character. And from that is that they forbid them from imitating the disbelievers. And if the parents do not, and they leave their children to imitate the disbelievers, then indeed they are in sin.
Question #10 – What is your advice for a man that has high level of anger, even though he prays in the masjid, fasts, and does all of the pillars of Islam, but it’s noticed that he has a high level of anger in how he deals with his wife and children?
What’s known is that the Prophet forbade a person from becoming angry. When a person asked the Prophet for some advice, he said: Do not become angry. So because of that it is incumbent upon a person to the best of his ability to not become angry. And he should understand that if he does become angry, then it’s possible that he is going to do something that is forbidden. And this harms him, and it harms the people that he is communicating with. That’s for the individual that gets angry, but as for the people that are around him, there’s advice for them as well. For example, his family, his wife his children; if he’s a teacher his students; if he’s a manager, his workers; those people should abstain from those things that make him angry. So, in fact, this cure from becoming angry, it must be a mutual cure. The family has to take part in it, the children have to take part in it, the students, the co-workers; everyone has to take part. The people that are around this individual, they do not do that which makes him angry. Then as far the individual himself, he should try to display forbearance, patience, and try not to become angry.
Mustafa George DeBerry
Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia