Fatawa on Mixed Education

Fatawa on Mixed Education May 27, ’10 12:15 PM
for everyone

This is a compilation that came to my email recently, insha Allah it should shed some light on the subject especially due to the presence of a recent fatwa which in fact confused many people in this regard. We advise the people to do what the scholars have informed when there is a difference of opinion, and that is to follow that which is supported by proofs and evidences.

May Allah bless those who compiled these fatawa.
Fatawa of the Scholars:

1.Question: Muslim women and their daughters in western countries where there are Muslim minorities face very difficult circumstances in that education and work are mixed environments. We are caught between two possibilities. Either we cut-off our provision, stay at home and beg and as a result sink to a very desperate material condition, or, alternatively, wear our Islaamic hijaab and study and work in those societies which do not differentiate between mixing and separation. What is your esteemed opinion concerning this matter?

Response: Concerning this very crucial issue, I believe that it is obligatory for a Muslim to patiently adhere to and persevere with Allaah’s religion and not to be of those whom Allaah describes, saying:

{And of mankind are those that say, “We believe in Allaah.” But if they are made to suffer for the Sake of Allaah, they consider the persecution of mankind as Allaah’s punishment…}, [Soorah al-‘Ankaboot, Aayah 10].

A Muslim must be patient and if it is not possible to gain a livelihood except by what Allaah has forbidden, namely through the mixing of men and women, then this livelihood must be abandoned and another sought from another direction or from another country. Was Allaah’s land not vast enough for you to emigrate therein? This is also true with respect to seeking knowledge. How good it would be if the Muslim minorities could establish their own schools based on the religion of Islaam, where boys and girls are taught separately. If that could be achieved it would be a great blessing. It is not possible, however, for us to permit the mixing of the sexes because of the seriousness of the issue and the level of temptation contained therein.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
al-Aqalliyaat al-Muslimah – Page 74, Fatwa No.14


Published: 24 March 2000

http://abdurrahman.org/knowledge/fatwabase/studyandworkinmixed_sex_en.htm

2.
Mixed education

Question: Many Islaamic societies suffer from the problem of mixed education between boys and girls, which they have inherited from the time of colonisation or from the practice of copying western civilisation. What are the dangers of mixed education and how can we rid ourselves of it.

Response: There can be no doubt that there is great harm in mixed education and that it is a threat to the modesty, chastity and character of both men and women. Islaamic countries must, therefore, abandon it and provide separate education for men and women. This subject has been dealt with at great length. We have written about the subject whatever Allaah willed and other eminent scholars have also written about it. It is part of our religion and it is incumbent upon the Islaamic countries to segregate education so that both men and women are taught separately. This is obligatory both in universities and other institutions.

The way to achieve this is for the Muslims to stand together and to cooperate in demanding this segregation. If they are sincere they will succeed, inshaa.-Allaah.

We said previously, that it is necessary for those responsible in Islaamic Countries to work together and cooperate with the people responsible for Muslim minorities in order to ensure that education is not mixed and that both boys and girls are taught separately. This is necessary to protect everyone from iniquity, immorality and temptation. If this does not succeed and a country does not respond, then Muslims should pursue the matter themselves and spend whatever they can from their own wealth to establish a university where segregation of men and women can be implemented.

In the same way, if there is no response from the state to their demands with regards to other schools, the Muslim minorities must do what they can by collecting money that has been generously donated for the Sake of Allaah. They must give generously and spend until there are Islaamic schools, institutions and colleges that are not mixed. This is their duty, and Allaah will ask them concerning it on the Day of Resurrection if they have been negligent. Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says:

{So, by your Lord, We shall certainly question them all concerning what they used to do} [Soorah al-Hijr, Aayah 92-93]

The duty of the scholars is to encourage the wealthy to contribute in this matter. They must encourage them to establish segregated schools, institutions and colleges in order that there might be a far and wide reaching effect in benefiting the Muslims, both male and female, and in protecting them from mixing, which their enemies are keen to encourage.

And there is no power, no strength except with Allaah!

Shaykh Ibn Baaz
al-Aqalliyaat al-Muslimah – Page 32, Fatwa No.6

http://abdurrahman.org/knowledge/fatwabase/mixededucation.htm

3.
The Ruling on Studying in Mixed Universities in Order to Call to Allaah
Question:

Is it permissible to for a man to study in a university in which men and women mix in one place, bearing in mind that the student has an active role in calling to Allaah?
Answer:

It is my view that it is not permissible for a person ý man or woman ý to study in mixed schools; this is because of the great danger to his modesty, reputation and morals, because a human being, whatever may be his reputation, morals and innocence, if there is a woman sitting next to his chair ý and especially if she is beautiful and revealing her beauty ý is unlikely to be safe from temptation and evil and everything which leads to temptation and evil is forbidden and is impermissible. So we ask Allaah , Most Glorified, Most High, for our Muslim brothers that they protect them from such matters as these which bring nothing but evil, temptation and corruption to their young men. And if no other university is found except this one, he should leave his studies in order to study in another country in which there is no such mixing. So I do not consider it permissible, although someone else might hold another opinion.
Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fatawa Islamiyah Vol. 5 Page 163

http://www.fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=1316

4.
سؤال :أنا طالب من لندن أدرس الطب فى رومانيا والجامعه بها إختلاط ولا أستطيع أن أجعل الجامعه أنتساب لأن هناك دراسات تطبقيه تستدعى التواجد الدائم وأريد أكمل دراستى حتى أتمكن من الهجرة إلى بلاد المسلمين وأنفع المسلمين وعلما أن تركى لدراسة سيغضب والدى والهجره ý..فهل أترك الدراسه علماص بأن المكان الذى أنا فيه مسجد وعدد كبير من العرب

Question:I am a student from London but I study medicine in Romania and the University is mixed and I have to be there a lot because of some courses that we take. I want to finish my studies to be able to make hijrah (emigrate) to a Muslim country and benefit the Muslims. If I leave University then my parents will go angry on me. Do I leave the University? Also the University I am in has a Masjid and lots of Arab people.

الجواب لشيخ محمدبن هادى المدخلى

لا يجوز الدراسه فى مكان فيه أختلاط بين الجنسين وهذة المبررات التى ذكرتها لا تكفى ,أما الأول فلو لم تتمكن من الهجرة هذا سيسره الله لك عزوجل إن علم الله سبحانه وتعالى منك نية الخير سيسره لك……….
فإن لم تكن قادرا على ذلك وكنت قادر على أن تصوم وتزكى وتأمر بالمعروف وتنكر المنكر
فتكون الهجرة لست واجبا عليك فإن الله تعالى يعذرك
أما التعليل الثانى بأن تنفع المسلمين فإن الله تعالى ما أمرك أن تنغعنا وتضر نفسك فقدم بنفسك أولا قال تعالى ( ياأيها الذين أمنوا قو أنفسكم وإهليكم نارا)لم يقدم أهليكم .فأنت الان تقدم من ليس بآهل النفع وهو عموم المسلمين ý……..فالأنسان مأمور أولا بحفظ نفسه ý.قال النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم فى النه الصحيحه (أبدأ بنفسك ثم بمن تعول )….

الشاهد أن الله ما أمرك أن تضر نفسك لتنفعنا نحن فأبدأ بنفسك
وأما إن كان المكان فيه مسجد وناس من العرب كثيير فهذا ليس بحجه فأنت مأمور بأ، تقى نفسك من النار

Answer by ash-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee

It is not permissible to study in mixed place and those excuses that you mentioned is not enough. If you are not able to make hijrah then Allah will make it easy for you if you have a good intention. If you can pray and fast and do zakat and do ma3roof (good actions seeking the pleasure of Allah) and deny munkar (evil actions earning the anger and punishment of Allah) then hjirah is not wajib (compulsory) on you and Allah excuse you.

I say about benefiting Muslims that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala did not order you to harm yourself and benefit us (the Muslims). Allah said In the Quraan:

قال تعالى: ياأيها الذين أمنوا قو أنفسكم وإهليكم نارا

ýOh you who believe, protect yourself and your family from the hell fireý

So Allah started with yourself and you are putting Muslims before yourself when you are ordered to protect* yourself (from the fire) first.

قال: (ابدأ بنفسك ثم بمن تعول) الترمذي

In the authentic hadeeth found in Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Prophet Muhammad (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ýStart with yourself and then who you supportý.

So Allah didn’t order you to harm yourself to benefit us (the Muslims) but to start with yourself first.

Concerning your third excuse that there is a masjid there and lots of Arab people then that is not a excuse because you are ordered to protect* yourself self from hell fire.

————-

Translator’s Note: Protecting yourself from the Hell-Fire in the above statements is referring to protecting himself from the evils and fitnah (temptation) of free-mixing and all the munkar (evil) that is in the mixed schools and schools of the non-Muslims nowadays.

Translated and Transcribed by Umm Mu’adh and checked by Yaqoob Amadei.

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=6&Topic=7238

5.
Shaykh Uthaymeen on Mixing in University

Shaykh Ibn ýUthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked:

Is it permissible for a man to study in a mixed university where men and women mix in one classroom, knowing that the student has a role to play in calling people to Allaah?

He replied:

What I think is that it is not permissible for anyone, man or woman, to study in a mixed school, because of the grave danger that it poses to his chastity, integrity and morals. No matter how great a personýs integrity, morals and innocence, if a woman is sitting beside him on the seat ý especially if she is beautiful and unveiled ý he can hardly avoid fitnah and evil. Everything that leads to fitnah and evil is also haraam and is not permitted. We ask Allaah to keep our Muslim brothers safe from such things which will only bring evil, fitnah and corruption to their youth. If there is no other university apart from this one, he should go and study in another city or country where this mixing does not happen. I do not think that this is permissible but others may have a different opinion.

Fataawa Islamiyyah, 3/103

Aboo ‘Ubaydah Ahmad Nishwan ibn ‘Alee al-Maraduwee

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=6&Topic=7238

6.
The Permanent Committee on Mixed Education

The scholars of the Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa (al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-ýIlmiyyah wal-Iftaa.) stated:

It is haraam for male and female students and teachers to mix in educational institutions, because of the fitnah and provocation of desires and immoral conduct that results from that. The gravity of the sin is compounded if the female teachers and students uncover any part of their ýawrahs or wear see-through or tight clothing, or if the students or teachers flirt or joke together, which may lead to transgression of limits and violation of honour.

Fataawa Islamiyyah, 3/102,103

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Posted on September 30, 2012, in The Scholars. Bookmark the permalink. Comments Off on Fatawa on Mixed Education.

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